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English Words Derived from Arabic

admiral - ami:r-al-bahr 'ruler of the seas' (and other similar expressions) - amara command 
adobe - al-toba 'the brick' 
albacore - al-bukr 'the young camel' 
alchemy - al-ki:mi:a: - from Greek 
alcohol - al-koh''l 'the kohl' 
alcove - al-qobbah 'vault' - qubba vault 
alfalfa - alfas,fas,ah 'fodder' 
algebra - al-jebr 'reintegration' - jabara reunite 
algorithm - al-Khowarazmi 'the (man) of Khiva' 
almanac - (Andalucian Arabic) al-mana:kh, of uncertain origin 
amber - `anbar 'ambergris' 
 
caliber - qali:b 'mold, last' - 
calico - Qaliqu:t 'Calicut', city in India 
checkmate - sha:h ma:t 'the king is dead' 
coffee - qahwah 
cork - qu:rq 
cotton - qutn 
crimson - qirmazi:, related to the qirmiz, the insect that provided the dye 
 
gazelle - ghaza:l 
genie - jinni: 'spirit' 
gerbil - yarbu:` 
ghoul - ghu:l 'demon' - gha:la take suddenly 
giraffe - zara:fa 
 
harem - h'aram 'prohibited, set apart' - h'arama prohibit 
hashish - h'ashi:sh 'dried herbs, hemp' 
hazard - yásara 'play at dice' 
 
Islam - isla:m 'submission' - aslama submit oneself 
 
jar - jarrah 'large earthen vase'
 
kismet - qisma 'portion, lot' - qasama divide 
kohl - koh''l 'kohl' - kah'ala stain, paint 

lime - li:mah 'citrus fruit' 
loofah - lu:fah a plant whose pods were used as sponges 

magazine - makha:zin 'storehouses' - khazana store 
 
mattress - matrah 'place where something is thrown, mat, cushion' - tarah'a throw 
minaret - mana:rah - na:r fire 
mohair - mukhayyar 'choice (goats'-hair cloth)' - khayyara select 
monsoon - mausim 'season' - wasama mark 
 
ottoman - `uthma:n, a proper name 
 
safari - safari:y 'journey' - safara travel 
saffron - za`fara:n 
Sahara - çah'ra: 'desert'
sequin - sikkah 'die for coinmaking' 
sherbet - sharbah - shariba drink 
sofa - s,uffah 'raised dais with cushions'
spinach - isfa:na:kh 
 
zenith - samt 'path' 
zero - s,ifr 'empty'